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ELECTRIC VEHICLES WINTER 2021 | 21 " For EV owners, they have range anxiety for the first two to three weeks, and then they're like, 'I don't know what I was worried about' " ILLUSTRATION PETER VARGA For example, the new Volkswagen ID.4 Pro, Hyundai Kona Electric, Kia Niro EV and the Chevy Bolt all have 400 km or more of driving range and are all priced under $40,000 once you factor in the federal incentive. The $64,990 Tesla Model 3 Long Range will take you an impressive 568 km before needing a charge. "For EV owners, they have range anxiety for the first two to three weeks, and then they're like, 'I don't know what I was worried about,'" says Cara Clairman, CEO of Plug'n Drive, an Ontario-based non-profit devoted to promoting electric vehicles. She founded the organization 10 years ago and has met thousands of EV shoppers since then. People imagine they'll oen be searching for charging stations for their vehicle, she says, but that's not really the case since most EV owners simply recharge their cars at home every night. Recharging at Home and Away Having a place to plug in an EV at home is highly recommended, if not absolutely necessary. A wall-mounted home charging station — which usually costs $600 to $1,500 — connected to a 240-volt outlet can provide approximately 20 to 40 km of range per hour. Make sure a licensed electrician does the installation. On a road trip, you'll need to stop at a growing network of public charging stations across the country. Built-in navigation systems in modern EVs, or apps like ChargeHub and PlugShare, can help you plot routes with recharging stops. There are over 5,300 public level 2 charging stations nationwide, plus more than 1,000 level 3 stations, according to Natural Resources Canada. A level 1 charger means using a standard household outlet. Aer being plugged in for an hour, a car can typically drive for 8 km. Level 2 means using an EV charging station, where one hour allows for 30 km on the road. A level 3 charger — also known as a DC fast charger — can provide roughly 250 km of driving range aer an hour. Tesla's newest level 3 chargers can add 121 km to a nearly empty baery in just five minutes. These charging rates can vary a lot, but in general, level 2 stations are great for home charging or longer stops, level 3 are best for road trips, and level 1 is a last resort. Level 2 chargers are slower, providing 240 volts, which is great if you're stopping somewhere for a couple of hours or overnight. Level 1 chargers are standard 120-volt outlets and best used only when nothing else is available. It's easy to get lost in all the numbers, but it's worth adding that electric vehicles are also incredibly fun to drive. They're silent, speedy and smooth. There will be plenty of compelling new mainstream electric cars, SUVs and even pickup trucks hiing showrooms in the next few years. Says Harto, "The biggest potential reason to hold off on buying an EV today is that the technology just keeps geing beer and beer."

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